Via The Wormhole
There’s been so much of wonderful science exhibits on tv, many available on DVD and/or on YouTube. Carl Sagan’s Cosmos immediately involves mind and MythBusters whereas extremely entertaining has quite a lot of stable science content material too. However, IMHO, the cream of the crop, the best of the perfect, has been the By way of the Wormhole collection hosted by actor Morgan Freeman. Each of the episodes examines a kind of nebulous Huge Questions. Listed below are the questions asked on or about physics, and my personal opinions on each.
SEASON ONE: Is Time Journey Doable
In fact time travel is possible! We journey into the long run whether or not we like it or not at one second per second. However there’s Einstein’s Relativity and his twin paradox whereby as you go faster and quicker the rate of change (i.e. – time) slows down relative to an external observer. In different words, you don’t age as quick as the exterior observer does. Thus, if the traveler and the external observer had been the identical age firstly of the traveling, when the traveler returns, she can be younger than her counterpart (twin), or, put one other manner, she could have traveled into the longer term.
In fact what most individuals imply by time journey is travel into the previous. Whereas time journey to the past is a yes-sure in Relativity idea, and could be verified at the quantum stage, it’s a no-no for two causes. The same old motive is that each one method of paradoxes can come up and philosophers, physicists and sci-fi authors have had a discipline day with those. More to the point, from an observational perspective, there is no proof for visitations by our descendants from our future. There aren’t any reports of the anticipated hoards of time traveling vacationers coming again in time to witness the assassination of JFK, the launch of Apollo eleven, the gunfight at the Okay corral, the sinking of RMS Titanic or the Japanese assault at Pearl Harbor or any of other potential 1000’s of significant historic events. If time journey to the previous were actually possible, you’d expect well-heeled tourists to make the most of it. Time journey to the past simply could also be within the too hard or too expensive basket for even the most advanced technical civilization.
Time travel to the previous would of course be potential in a Simulated (Virtual Actuality) Universe. Laptop software program could simply simulate such situations. That is also the case in a manner of speaking if the Supreme Programmer makes an oops in the original programming and rewinds the software program back and makes the required correction(s). After all that is not a lot a simulation of time journey as simply turning the clock back and resetting it.
SEASON ONE: What Are We really Manufactured from
No, it isn’t sugar and spice and every thing nice however it’s extra than simply pure neutrons, protons and electrons (which implies you are manufactured from Massive Bang stuff) since you might be additionally various mixtures of these elementary particles like carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and so forth. (so you are additionally star-stuff). In flip after all these atoms combine to kind molecules like your proteins, sugars, fats, amino acids, and so forth. You might be additionally made from those four universal forces. Nevertheless weak, there needs to be gravity (and therefore gravitons ) between your whole atoms and molecules. You are barely radioactive so the weak nuclear drive is inside you. Electromagnetism (photons) holds you together however you also radiate infrared photons. Finally the robust nuclear force holds your atomic nuclei collectively in place giving them stability. Additionally, digital particles (digital because you cannot truly see them) pop into and out of your innards and your actuality contributing to most of your weight. However there’s nothing that’s nothing that contains something about you. There’s nothing nebulous about your mind (or soul or essence or spirit or self if you’d quite). Your thoughts is composed of and resides in the same sorts of matter and forces that makes up your massive toe.
Nevertheless, there may very well be no reality to you at all, just arithmetic, and I don’t mean the kinds of mathematics that apparently govern the various laws, rules and relationships of physics that make you a really actual you. The arithmetic right here is software program. You might be simply software as a result of we exist in a Simulated (Digital Reality) Universe! That’s what you are really product of – bits and bytes!
SEASON TWO: Does Time Actually Exist
No, time does not exist. Time is just an idea involving the notion of change. What we name time is just our intellect making sense of and by measuring rate of change. If nothing ever modified the notion of time would grow to be meaningless. Time just isn’t a thing of substance or construction. It is infinite in duration since change at all times has been and at all times shall be, because of the vacuum vitality if for no other motive.
SEASON TWO: Are There More than Three Dimensions
There aren’t even three dimensions! The concept of spatial dimensions is just that, an idea that resides inside us. Dimensions are obviously a helpful mathematical construct, however there’s nothing magical a few right angle. A zero dimensional level is an idea that has no independent reality exterior of the human mind; a one dimensional line is likewise an idea; any two dimensional area is an idea and ditto space or quantity. The fourth dimension, time, is also a concept (see: “Does Time Actually Exist ” immediately above.) Due to this fact, any further spatial dimensions are additionally just (at this point in time superior theoretical) mathematical constructs which might be much more nebulous than a zero dimensional point. The concept of further curled up hidden spatial dimensions – at one point there was envisioned as much as 26 or so spatial dimensions in ‘reality’ – is so paranormal it makes ‘normal’ paranormal ideas seem downright plausible. In fact these hidden extra dimensions are useful is explaining the place the Easter Bunny and the Tooth Fairy and Unicorns reside! Maybe God has exiled all these “haven’t any different gods earlier than me” like Zeus and Odin and Quetzalcoatl and their associated pantheons to those curled up hidden dimensions – kind of just like the Phantom Zone of the Superman universe.
SEASON TWO: How Does the Universe Work
The standard answer is that you simply apply the legal guidelines, rules and relationships of physics to the four basic forces and all the associated elementary particles then sit again and watch the Universe unfold as it should. Meaning there should be a Theory of The whole lot (TOE). The Holy Grail of fashionable physics is to unify the four forces of nature and the properties of their associated particles and make the lot compatible with each Classical (macro) Physics and Quantum (micro) Physics. It is type of at the stage of assembling a zillion piece jigsaw puzzle with many items missing and having different items that do not match. Nonetheless, IMHO it is logical to assume that there have to be a TOE, but that TOE is proving to be only a tad too elusive for consolation. Alas, hundreds of a few of the best minds in all of theoretical physics over many decades now have tilted at windmills of their quest for a TOE. The consequence thus far has been zip; zilch; zero. It cannot be that troublesome, assuming of course that there really does exist a TOE which might fit on the front of a geek’s tee-shirt. My various is akin to how there may be a couple of variety of software that runs your Laptop. There is no such thing as a TOE on your laptop. There isn’t any TOE for our Universe both. Classical Physics is governed by one set of software program. Quantum Physics is governed by a second, separate and apart set of software program and never the twain shall meet and greet. That is because the Universe is extra probably as not akin to your Laptop’s software program programs (plural). We exist in a Simulated (Virtual Actuality) Universe that requires separate and apart set of software and never the twain shall meet and greet. My prediction subsequently is that questing for a TOE is akin to questing for that pot of gold at the top of the rainbow.
SEASON TWO: Can We Travel Quicker Than Light
Let’s start off and assume we exist in Mother Nature’s universe. If one thing natural may travel at higher than mild pace, we might probably find out about it. So, if superluminal velocities are possible know-how would have to be the key, and of course sci-fi is filled with all kinds of techno-babble about doing simply that. The basic ways and means seems to be by taking shortcuts by wormholes, black holes, additional dimensions, and so on. Wormholes appear essentially the most promising, besides I am unsure how one may create one that may link where you might be to where you wish to be. Even so, one would only apparently break the light speed barrier. Say the theoretical pace restrict was 1000 mph. Say you wished to travel precisely halfway across the Earth. Going via an ideal circle route, it would take you roughly 12.5 hours. Nevertheless, in the event you cheated by going immediately by means of the Earth – journey robin jeans womens shirt vietnam through an additional dimension or a ‘wormhole’ tunnel – you’d get to the place you were going, nonetheless touring at a thousand mph, in about eight hours. It would seem as if you had broken that theoretical velocity limit of one thousand mph although you didn’t. Let’s simply say in principle yes, in apply this idea may end up in the too laborious basket.
However, in different universes, assuming a Multiverse, the laws of physics might be completely different and there may not be theoretical limits or a restrict larger than our speed of light limitation. In a supernatural universe, assuming a God (or gods) then physical legal guidelines can be broken if God so wants them damaged and thus miracles can occur. In a simulated universe, the software will be altered or rewritten to permit a sooner than mild pace state of affairs. In a dream universe, you dream landscape, you possibly can accomplish whatever you damn properly please. You possibly can journey from one end of the cosmos to the opposite in nanoseconds if you so desire.
By the by, I am ignoring right here those apparent speed of light violations within the realm of the quantum. There’s quantum tunneling and entanglement, which, if one is to consider theoretical and even not so theoretical physicists, are instantaneous happenings. However, IMHO, there are sufficient anomalies in quantum mechanics to assign that complete subsection of physics to the paranormal bin.
SEASON THREE: Is the Universe Alive
I don’t know about the Universe being alive, but apparently the elemental or elementary particles, the constituents that make up all the pieces the Universe contains have animate properties.
If you are to believe the experimental and observational outcomes inherent in quantum mechanics, the reply must be a qualified “Yes”. You don’t must learn too many books on quantum or particle physics, particularly the more fashionable tomes that exchange advanced and technical arithmetic for English, to understand the variety of occasions free will and consciousness terms like how particles ‘determine’ or ‘select’ or ‘know’ are used.
If one had been to actually recommend that the basic constructing blocks of our actuality, these elementary particles like photons and electrons had some type of ‘consciousness’ or ‘self-consciousness’ and an ability to exhibit ‘free will’ and make ‘choices’, let’s just say the overwhelming majority not just of the scientific group but even most of the people at giant (the great unwashed) would view that individual as a loony regardless of the experimental and observational facts.
For instance, you have one light supply. You will have one regular on a regular basis clear and clean pane of glass. Some of the light (photons) from the light source will cross clear through the clear glass, however a few of these an identical photons will mirror off the clear surface of the pane of glass. One set of circumstances yields two differing but simultaneous outcomes. That Leia_Organa violates cause-and-impact. That is crazy, but it surely happens as you possibly can verify for yourself. So how does a light photon ‘determine’ whether to cross by means of or mirror off of the pane of glass Alternatively, how does a radio photon ‘determine’ whether or not or not to move by way of your brick partitions and enter your radio, or mirror off of your brick wall and thus fail to contribute to the strength of your radio’s broadcast transmission
Well, since I have no tutorial reputation to defend, I am going to wax lyrical and promote that standpoint, whereas noting that a particle’s ‘free will’ could be restricted, as per the above instance, just as your individual free will (assuming you may have such a property) is restricted. You cannot flap your arms and fly and live long enough to challenge Methuselah’s longevity, free shall be damned.
Einstein was one of those skeptics. To his dying day, Einstein insisted that there were hidden variables that would, when found account for all these various quantum anomalies – quantum magic. These hidden variables would finally unite quantum physics with classical physics. Sadly for Einstein, experiments have since ‘proved’ robin jeans womens shirt vietnam that there are not any hidden variables of the type Einstein had in thoughts. That is because, the solution to that “is the universe alive” question, IMHO the hidden variable, which Einstein couldn’t have envisioned in even his wildest imagination, is a Supreme Programmer who creates our Simulated (Digital Reality) Universe.
SEASON THREE: What’s Nothing
There is absolutely no such thing as nothing, apart from the theoretical idea. If there have been completely nothing, then nothing might ever change, and there could possibly be no concept of time (which is how we measure charge of change). Pure house might be completely nothing, since area is an idea and not a factor. A vacuum nonetheless continues to be a something since even a vacuum (in space or within the laboratory) remains to be full of gravity (which can never be decreased to zero) and doubtless photons not to mention neutrinos. The closest one will get to nothing is the vacuum energy. No matter what, the idea of absolute zero stays just a theoretical idea (like nothing) and can by no means be achieved since power, like gravity, can’t ever be diluted to, nicely, nothing. That tiny residual energy can morph into matter, really symmetrical matter and antimatter particles, which then often mutually annihilate producing pure power. Nevertheless, this vacuum power remains to be a something, even when just a whiff of a something. Nevertheless, power and related particles are quantum things and thus come in discrete packets. Power, with maybe the exception of gravity, will not be a continuous thing. One could conceive of a volume so small that it comprises no power packets, or say the area between two neutrinos. That tiny volume with nothing in it or that house (with nothing between the neutrinos) is likely to be thought of as nothing or simply space, which is nothingness.
SEASON 4: Is Reality Actual
There are 4 potential varieties of reality that we is perhaps part of. Actual reality might be outlined by most of us as Mom Nature’s reality, the fact that our 5 senses transmit to our mind as being reality, the reality of an exterior realm where the laws, principles and relationships of physics ultimately rule the cosmic roost. Two plus two all the time equals 4. It’s the fact of loss of life (and taxes).
The second risk of a actuality is a supernatural actuality that’s governed by a supernatural deity or deities. In a supernatural actuality the laws, ideas and relationships of physics do not finally rule the cosmic roost. Miracles can and do happen. Issues should not always as they seem and two plus two can equal five. There’s not essentially a reality of loss of life (however you still get taxes).
The third reality kind of straddles the 2 other prospects. That reality is virtual reality. There in the end exists at the highest degree a Mother Nature type of cosmos. Within that cosmos are entities that may construct virtual simulated universes and worlds and beings. The question is, are we these high degree entities that create, or are we the digital creation of 1 (or more) of those top level entities Chance dictates that we’re the created, not the creators on the grounds that for each Mom Nature world inhabited by Mother Nature entities (intelligences), there are tons of to 1000’s to a whole lot-of-thousands (maybe extra) digital worlds with virtual inhabitants present with a virtual cosmos. If we’re simulated or virtual beings (and that might embody our being the creations of someone’s dreams, not only a form of pc software program) then the query ‘is reality actual’ is answered by “no”, our actuality isn’t real because our actuality is just an illusion all produced or constructed by a Supreme Programmer(s). Software program and even wetware can seem to do anything that Mom Nature can do or that God (or the gods) can do.
However, the question may not be are you living in another person’s Simulated (Digital Actuality) Universe however are you dwelling in your own Simulated (Virtual Actuality) Universe That’s a Simulated (Digital Reality) Universe generated by your own thoughts. What makes this doubly fascinating is that you have no manner of distinguishing between the 2 and both can equally accommodate the apparent look of Mom Nature’s or a Supernatural reality.
And so the final sort of actuality after Mom Nature, God, or a Supreme Programmer, is You. You are imaging your actuality. Actuality doesn’t exist independently of your mind. You (or quite your thoughts) are creating your very personal model of actuality (truly your thoughts creates your reality whether or not or not it’s your individual model since any external actuality must be channeled and filtered through your 5 senses and downloaded and interpreted by your thoughts, or as I like to put it, you are inside of Mom Nature’s cosmos but your version of that cosmos is definitely inside of you residing in your thoughts). If you’re creating your individual reality, nothing else really exists except that which exists inside your individual mind, and you know how seemingly real your mind can create things or create alternate seemingly actual realities. How – By altering your brain chemistry (by way of medicine, lack of sleep, placing yourself in a sensory isolation tank for prolonged intervals) or just by dreaming or daydreaming. How are you aware that while you get up from a dream that that seemingly I am now awake period just isn’t additionally a dream and that what you recognize was a dream before you seemingly woke up was only really a dream within a dream You realize you dream so simply carry that situation as much as the subsequent level. The truth is your complete life might be just one lengthy and steady dream! Mom Nature isn’t controlling your actuality; God is not controlling your actuality; a Supreme Programmer is not controlling your reality – You’re controlling your own actuality although you’re projecting that actuality onto another entity like Mother Nature. In the ultimate evaluation you are ‘responsible’ for your own reality since your reality, as famous above, is channeled and filtered by by way of your 5 senses and via your neural network into your mind the place all of that input is digested and interpreted by your mind. No matter how you slice and dice issues, that alone makes your actuality 100% distinctive to you and no two folks share an identical realities.