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Black Adam is a comic book character, created in 1945 by Otto Binder & CC Beck for Fawcett Comics. Initially created as a one-shot villain for Fawcett Comics’ Marvel Household staff of superheroes, Black Adam was revived as a recurring supervillain after DC Comics started publishing Captain Marvel/Marvel Family stories under the title Shazam! within the 1970s. As originally depicted, Black Adam was a corrupted historical Egyptian predecessor of Captain Marvel, who found his method to modern occasions to challenge the hero and his Marvel Family associates.
Because the turn of the 21st century, Adam has been redefined by DC writers Jerry Ordway, Geoff Johns, and David S Goyer as a corrupted anti-hero trying to clear his identify. Featured roles in comedian books sequence such as JSA, Villains United, Infinite Crisis, and fifty two have elevated the character to a level of prominence in DC Comics.
1 Publication historical past 1.1 Fawcett Comics
1.2 DC Comics 1.2.1 Pre-Disaster and Shazam!: The brand new Beginning
2.1 The facility of Shazam!: revised origin
2.2 JSA sequence: Black Adam reforms
2.3 JSA: Black Reign
2.Four Infinite Disaster
2.5 52 2.5.1 World Conflict III
The original Fawcett Comics model of Black Adam, which appeared solely as soon as during the unique Fawcett run of Captain Marvel comics, is an historic Egyptian prince named “Teth-Adam”, who is chosen by the wizard Shazam to be his successor. When Adam says the magic phrase “Shazam”, he is transformed into a super-powered being, Teth Adam (literally translating into “Mighty Human”). Possessing the identical powers that Captain Marvel would later be granted, Adam is quickly corrupted by the vastness of his powers. The wizard Shazam originally offers him ancient powers derived from Greco-Roman deities (Later stories set up that the names of gods from the Egyptian pantheon make up the acronym Shazam for Black Adam).
Deciding that he ought to rule the world, Adam overthrows the pharaoh and assumes the throne. An angry Shazam provides his errant champion a brand new identify — “Black Adam” — and banishes him to the most distant star in the universe.
Adam spends the subsequent 5000 years flying again to Earth. By the point he makes it back, in 1945, Shazam has appointed three new champions to take his place: Captain Marvel, Mary Marvel, and Captain Marvel Jr Adam does battle with the trio, identified as the Marvel Household, but since all are equally invulnerable, the combat goes on and on with out decision. On the suggestion of the wizard Shazam, Uncle Marvel tips Black Adam into saying the wizard’s name, remodeling him back into his mortal kind. Adam’s pure aging course of takes hold, and he withers away right into a skeleton within moments.
Adam’s original design bore a resemblance to actor Boris Karloff, albeit with pointed elfin ears. He wore a costume similar to Captain Marvel’s, besides that the crimson parts have been black, and Adam did not wear a cape (later depictions of the character gave him a black cape similar to the ones worn by the Marvel Family).
Pre-Crisis and Shazam!: The new Starting
While he’s defeated in the identical story in which he debuted, Adam is resurrected almost thirty years later (by Physician Sivana) in DC Comics’ Shazam! revival of the Marvel Household characters. In response to Shazam! #28, Black Adam will get his powers from Shu (Egyptian deity)|Shu (stamina), Hershef (strength), Amon (energy), Zehuti (Thoth) (wisdom), Anubis|Anpu (velocity), and Menthu (courage). After a number red sox star wars shirt of extra defeats at Captain Marvel’s hand, Adam joins Mister Thoughts’s closing pre-Crisis model of the Monster Society Of Evil. Adam’s origin is revised for the 1987 miniseries Shazam! The brand new Beginning, through which the need for Captain Marvel to oppose him is made an integral reason of why Billy Batson is recruited. Quickly after that call, the corrupted champion is drawn from the netherworld by an interdimensional transport gadget created by Dr. Sivana, whom Adam makes an attempt to make his slave.
The power of Shazam!: revised origin
Black Adam is reintroduced to the DC Universe in The power of Shazam! graphic novel by Jerry Ordway in 1994. In that story and the subsequent Energy of Shazam! ongoing sequence, Adam is a deadly and evil adversary for Captain Marvel.
On this revised origin, Teth-Adam is the son of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Ramesses II, and impresses one of many excessive priests, the wizard Shazam, with his good deeds. The wizard offers Teth-Adam the power to turn out to be the superhero Mighty-Adam by talking the name “Shazam”, an acronym for Mighty Adam’s powers: the stamina of Shu, the swiftness of Heru (Horus), the strength of Amon, the wisdom of Zehuti, the power of Aten|Aton, and the courage of Mehen. Mighty Adam serves as Egypt’s champion for a lot of centuries, however becomes corrupted by the charms of a mysterious woman, revealed to be Shazam’s evil daughter Blaze in disguise. The bewitched Adam is satisfied that he and his mistress should rule Egypt, so he kills the Pharaoh and appoints himself ruler. Shazam learns of this treachery and strips Adam of his powers, encasing them in a mystical scarab necklace. Adam’s depowered physique quickly experiences the aging process that the magic had staved off, and the previous hero withers away right into a dried cadaver in seconds.
Shazam buries each the body and the scarab in the tomb of Ramesses II, the place he plans for it to stay for all eternity. In loss of life, the former hero is known as “Khem-Adam” (“Black Adam”). Disillusioned by what he perceived as Adam’s betrayal, Shazam waits several millennia earlier than appointing a second champion to fight evil in his identify.
Thousands of years later, during the late twentieth century, an unscrupulous archaeological aide named Theo Adam finds himself assigned to the Malcom Expedition, financed by the Sivana Basis to excavate the tomb of Ramesses II. Adam uncovers Khem-Adam’s tomb in a secret passageway, and leads his superiors, C. C. Batson and his spouse Marilyn, to the discovery. Upon first sight of Khem-Adam’s scarab, Theo Adam becomes obsessed with the artifact, and kills each Batsons as a way to steal it. Escaping Egypt, Theo Adam soon made his means again to America.
The Batsons’ son, Billy, has been left behind within the United States, and is drafted by Shazam to grow to be the wizard’s second champion, Captain Marvel. When Theo Adam first encounters Captain Marvel, he notes each Marvel’s similar look to C. C. Batson and the lightning-bolt insignia on Marvel’s chest that had additionally decorated Khem-Adam’s tomb. Adam subsequently has a revelation, and realizes that he’s a reincarnation of Khem-Adam. Grasping his stolen scarab, Adam speaks Shazam’s name and is transformed into the super-powered Black Adam. Black Adam reveals himself to Captain Marvel as the Batsons’ killer, and the two battle. Captain Marvel emerges victorious by snatching Adam’s scarab, and due to this fact his power, away from him. Marvel brings Theo Adam to Shazam, who wipes Adam’s reminiscence and takes away his voice, in order that he cannot entry his powers. This resolution proves momentary, as Blaze re-enters her former lover’s life and helps restore his voice, his memory, and access to his powers.
JSA series: Black Adam reforms
Although Adam appears during the facility of Shazam! ongoing series’ first yr of publication as a villain, in direction of the tip of the sequence’ run, Adam returns and announces that Black Adam and Theo Adam are separate personalities. Black Adam stands trial once more for the murders of the Batsons, and is acquitted when it is revealed that his fingerprints do not match those of Theo Adam’s.
The reformed Black Adam is still susceptible to his murderous host’s affect, and he assaults the Justice Society of America under Theo Adam’s management in JSA #6 (1999). In subsequent issues, Adam joins supervillain Johnny Sorrow’s Injustice Society after Sorrow removes a malignant brain tumor from Adam’s brain. Adam soon betrays Sorrow, and he and the JSA defeat the Injustice Society. Claiming to be freed from Theo’s evil influence again, a repentant Black Adam requests membership in the Justice Society, and is granted a probationary membership in JSA #21 (2002).
Throughout his tenure in JSA, writers Geoff Johns and David S Goyer redefined Adam’s personality and background, focusing on the character’s old school and militant ideals of justice, and his officious and strongly opinionated perspective. Regardless of this, he has said on many occasions that he respects the Justice Society, particularly members equivalent to Jay Garrick. Several different JSA members are shown to be skeptical of Adam’s reformation; main amongst them is Atom Smasher, who later turns into Adam’s close pal. The writers additionally created added tension within the e book by having Captain Marvel, who is wholly unconvinced that Adam has reformed, be a part of the crew. One JSA story arc (issues 39 by means of forty four) options Marvel, Hawkgirl, and Mr Terrific venturing again in time to ancient Egypt, where they meet Mighty Adam before his corruption. During this visit, Mighty Adam is grateful to fulfill Captain Marvel, as Marvel’s presence demonstrates that his legacy will survive him even together with his youngsters gone, and, when Marvel transforms again into Billy Batson, Adam expresses admiration for the young man’s potential to handle the power of Shazam at such a younger age, one thing he doubts he could have achieved himself.
Johns and Goyer used this story arc to slightly alter Adam’s origin. The hero now hails from the North African nation of Kahndaq, not Egypt, though he serves for the Egyptian prince Khufu (who’s later reincarnated as JSA member Hawkman). The character of Blaze is totally removed from the origin story, and Adam’s rage is described as having resulted from the conquering of Kahndaq (and the murder of his wife and kids) at the hands of a magically powered supervillain named Ahk-ton (whose powers resemble future hero Metamorpho), who’s working with the notorious DC immortal Vandal Savage. Mighty Adam kills Ahk-ton during the wrestle, and returns to Kahndaq to reclaim it by any means crucial, including homicide. The wizard Shazam does not agree with Adam’s actions, and robs Adam of his powers and kills him.
JSA: Black Reign
In JSA #forty five (2003), Black Adam and his teammate Atom Smasher each defect from the Justice Society. During the subsequent few points, Adam kinds his own group, which administers justice the way in which Adam desires it: “a watch for a watch”. His roster contains a mixture of DC heroes and villains, including Atom Smasher, Brainwave (who’s possessed by Mister Mind), Northwind and the remainder of the society of Feithera, Nemesis, and former JSA museum curator Alex Montez, the human host of the demon Eclipso. Adam’s collective executes Kobra, a villain who has been acquitted by the legal justice system. Adam then turns his attentions to his old homeland of Kahndaq, now dominated by a militant dictator whose actions had long been ignored by the United Nations.
Late 2003 started the publication of a JSA/Hawkman crossover story arc titled “Black Reign”, written by Geoff Johns alone, which features Adam and his militia’s hostile takeover of Kahndaq. A war quickly breaks out, with Adam, his comrades, and the Kahndaqi folks on one aspect, and the Justice Society on the other. By the end of the arc, the JSA leaves Adam accountable for Kahndaq, supplied that he doesn’t depart its borders, convincing him that he can’t enforce his rule on the world or he is no better than the dictator he’d defeated. Brainwave is saved by the JSA, Mister Thoughts is apprehended thanks to the actions of the Atom, and Nemesis and Alex each die during the battle when Alex loses management of Eclipso. Only Northwind and Atom Smasher stay at Adam’s aspect. As Kahndaq’s ruler, Adam is depicted as fiercely working to protect his individuals and his nation.
Black Adam is featured heavily in DC’s 2005 Infinite Disaster crossover, primarily in the Villains United miniseries as a member of the key Society of Super Villains (which he only joins to guard Kahndaq from the Society). Concurrently, in JSA, Atom Smasher leaves Adam’s facet to return to the JSA.
The Society is run by Alexander Luthor, Jr, a personality from the alternate world Earth-Three, who disguises himself because the Lex Luthor of the post-Crisis Earth. The Infinite Crisis restricted collection centers round Alexander Luthor’s plan to restore the Multiverse. Needing a member of the Marvel Household to power the apparatus he has designed to recreate the alternate earths of the Multiverse, Luthor has the Society betray and capture Black Adam. With the assistance of the thoughts-controlling powers of the Psycho-Pirate, Luthor is ready to regulate Adam and have him name down the magic Shazam lightning bolt to gasoline the apparatus; the Spectre’s rampage through the Day of Vengeance storyline has reverted all magic in the DC Universe to a raw, chaotic construction, and the dying of the wizard Shazam has remodeled him right into a tether that can be utilized to harness the magic and use it to energy his gear. By the tip of the miniseries, Black Adam is freed by Superboy and Nightwing. Adam quickly kills Psycho-Pirate and, following a failed try and defeat Superboy-Prime (which reveals that magic does not have an effect on Superboy-Prime, as Adam’s blows allegedly only ‘tickled’), joins the heroes- although he is generally thought to be being on his own facet by the opposite combatants- in the Battle of Metropolis, destroying Amazo shortly after his arrival.
Black Adam appears as a featured character in DC’s weekly fifty two comedian e book. Depicted because the violent protector of the nation of Khandaq, Adam kills a number of super-villains in public and on tv to exhibit his views. As a result, he’s distrusted by the superhuman neighborhood. He creates a global metahuman coalition against the perceived metahuman supremacy of the United States. In 52, DC introduces Adrianna Tomaz, a slave provided to Adam by Intergang as a token to curry his favor. After Adam offers harshly with the slavers, Adrianna becomes Adam’s love interest, and her counsel proves sensible to him. In week 12 of the collection, Adam makes use of a magical amulet, hidden on the scarab in which Shazam imprisoned him, to rework Adrianna into the superheroine Isis. Weeks later he proposes, and the two are married underneath the auspice of Captain Marvel and the remainder of the Marvel Household.
In 52 Week 23, Black Adam and Isis, with the help of the Query and Renee Montoya, find Isis’ brother Amon. Because of a failed escape attempt, Amon suffers close to-fatal wounds. So as to avoid wasting his life Black Adam bestows a portion of his own power on the boy, as Captain Marvel did for Captain Marvel Jr Isis’ brother then becomes a new addition to the Marvel Household beneath the identify Osiris.
Osiris is accepted into the Teen Titans. Upon returning from a mission, he and the rest of the Black Marvel family are attacked by the Suicide Squad. The Black Marvels efficiently defeat the Squad, but not earlier than footage of them in battle (including Osiris’ accidental killing of a Squad member) is captured by Amanda Waller, who makes use of it to additional spoil the Black Marvel Household’s repute. In the meantime, Khandaq is struck with quite a lot of pure disasters, which appear to have a supernatural origin.
Wracked with guilt over the demise of the Persuader, Osiris ventures to the Rock of Eternity and pleads with Captain Marvel to have his powers removed, as he fears Black Adam’s affect (and those of his gods) has tainted him with evil. Black Adam arrives and the two battle until subdued by Isis and the Marvels. Osiris relents and accompanies the Black Marvel Family back residence, only to be betrayed and brutally devoured by his buddy, the talking crocodile Sobek, while in his mortal form.
Isis and Adam confront Sobek, who reveals that he is Famine, the Fourth Horseman of Apokolips, one of four creatures created by Intergang to assault Black Adam. Adam swiftly disposes of Sobek, and does battle with the opposite three Horsemen. One of them, Pestilence, infects Isis with a deadly illness before Adam kills him and his accomplice Struggle. A gravely unwell Isis saves Adam from Dying utilizing her powers, and tells Adam with her dying breaths that she was fallacious to strive to alter his views on justice, and that he ought to avenge each her and Osiris.
Seething with fury, Adam flies to the neighboring nation of Bialya, where Dying has taken refuge. Adam slaughters everyone within Bialya – the government, the military, and the residents – whereas hunting for Dying, whom he defeats in battle, then tortures the creature into revealing the whereabouts of its masters. Intent on revenge, Black Adam flies to Oolong Island, hideout of a coalition of evil DC Universe scientists who created the Horsemen. However, the scientists subdue him and he suffers weeks of torture at the hands of Dr. Sivana. The “Science Squad” then announce to the world that they plan to promote Black Adam as a residing weapon to the highest bidder. The Justice Society assaults the island, freeing Adam. It is revealed that Chang Tzu had built the Horsemen beneath orders of China, who wished Adam and his household to be assassinated after Adam left the liberty of Energy Treaty. Adam refuses to be taken into custody and as soon as more flies off, searching for revenge for the loss of life of his family
Enraged to the point of madness, and together with his gods’ blessings, Black Adam flies to China, inflicting large civilian casualties and billions of dollars in property damage when numerous superhumans get in his approach. He tears by way of the ranks of the world’s superhumans, killing Young Frankenstein and Terra of the Teen Titans, and significantly injuring a number of others. He assaults China, continuing the destruction till the decimated Nice Ten permits the Justice Society and a coalition of different metahumans onto Chinese language soil. Captain Marvel, though unable to remove Black Adam’s powers, works with a group of mystics, together with Zatanna and the Phantom Stranger, to transform Black Adam into the mortal Teth-Adam. Utilizing his abilities as the brand new guardian of the Rock of Eternity, Marvel modifications Adam’s magic word from “Shazam” to an unknown one (Later revealed to be “Chocolate Egg Cream”)Countdown #thirteen to prevent him from ever changing again. Regardless of his defeat, Teth-Adam escapes thanks to the intervention of his one-time ally Atom Smasher. He’s left a mortal wandering the Middle East, unsuccessfully guessing at the phrase that will restore his energy.
Black Adam: The Dark Age
On this six-concern mini-sequence, which begins sometime after his defeat in World Warfare III, the nonetheless-powerless Teth-Adam orders his remaining loyal minions to savagely beat his face so as to change his bodily appearance. Effectively disguised, he leads the group to Kahndaq to retrieve the bones of Isis, whereas the JSA is in Bialya looking for him. Adam and his men are attacked by unidentified troopers (who’re additionally searching for Teth-Adam) while leaving the tomb of Isis and Osiris. Adam’s followers sacrifice their lives so that he can escape with his wife’s stays. Adam then travels to the frozen Himalays, where he cannibalizes the corpse of his last henchman after working out of food. The text indicates that his henchman voluntarily sacrifices his physique to maintain Black Adam alive. This serves to indicate both Black Adam’s undying dedication to resurrecting Isis as nicely because the equally powerful loyalty that his remaining followers had for him.
Lastly reaching a secluded cave, Teth Adam resurrects Isis utilizing a Lazarus Pit. The process is imperfect nonetheless, and Isis’ new skin decays and her body actually falls apart. Adam returns her to loss of life to finish her suffering. Teth-Adam then journeys to Physician Destiny’s tower, hoping to retrieve Isis’ amulet. He encounters Felix Faust, who gives his help in return for being freed from the tower, wherein he was trapped by Ralph Dibny during fifty two. It is also revealed here that Teth Adam’s previous attempt at bringing Isis back at the Lazarus Pit failed as a result of one among Isis’s fingers was missing; an individual’s remains should be totally intact for a Lazarus Pit to work properly.
With Faust’s help, Black Adam’s energy supply is modified from his six patron gods to the residual mystic power contained in Isis’ corpse. “Isis” now works as his new magic phrase of transformation. Once once more in his superhuman form, he sets off to retrieve the scattered items of Isis’ amulet. Faust warns Adam that this is barely a temporary solution, as every time he draws power from Isis’ bones, they become extra fragile and fewer capable of sustain her resurrection.
After leaving the hospital, the docs who save Teth Adam’s life are attacked by the assassins. Teth Adam sees this taking place, saves the 2 doctors, and kills one of the assassins and captures the other two. He kills them both, one by putting him with lightning and one by flying him up into the thermosphere, after getting data from them. The Justice League discuss to the 2 medical doctors as a part of their hunt for Teth Adam, and study his heroic act of saving them from the assassins. This additional develops Teth Adam’s anti-hero character, as it is one of his first acts of heroism since the occasions of World Struggle III.
Black Adam travels by train as a stow-away and happens to arrive at Fawcett City. Seeing this as his probability to look for clues as to what Captain Marvel changed his magic phrase to Teth Adam roams Fawcett Metropolis reading signs and guessing what the phrase is. After hours of looking out he enters a malt store and by accident discovers that the brand new transformation phrase Captain Marvel changed again in 52 was actually “Chocolate Egg Cream”. With his original energy returned, he flies to Fate’s Tower and confronts Faust. Faust attempts to resurrect Isis, however the resurrection fails, and Isis’ bones crumble to the flooring. Faust blames Black Adam for using Isis’ energy a lot, and distraught, Black Adam flies away, ending up within the Kahndaq embassy in Gotham Metropolis. It’s revealed that the bones that Faust confirmed to Black Adam belonged to Ralph Dibny, and Faust resurrects Isis successfully. With her under his power, he exits the tower.
In Countdown #forty seven a depowered Mary Marvel stumbles upon Black Adam at the embassy and finds that he has killed a number of others which have had the misfortune to seek out their method into the constructing. It appears that Adam is about to harm Mary as properly, however transfers all of his red sox star wars shirt powers to her (together with these he recovered from Isis). He departs in his mortal form, telling her to inform Billy Batson “Sorry”. Showing again in the final concern, Black Adam is once once more empowered (in Justice Society of America #sixteen, we see it’s because he knew Mary would relinquish the powers again to him, hoping her goodness would rub off on them, to no avail.) Mary Marvel seeks to join forces with him in a brand new Black Marvel Family, but he dismisses her as arrogant and childish, leaving her fully alone.
Later he resumes living in his household shrine, sleeping in his coffin and mourning his useless family. He reveals that the whole that means of his power transfer to Mary Marvel was the hope that her innocence would finally force Mary into surrendering back his power to him, but changed sufficient to allow Isis’ rebirth. This try fails, Adam returns to his state of mourning and anger, until he discoveres a bloodied flower in his shrine, believing it an indication from Isis. Justice Society #16 (2008)
When Teth Adam/Theo Adam says the magic word “Shazam”, he’s remodeled into Black Adam and granted the following powers derived from historical Egyptian gods:
Additionally, Adam’s senses are acutely sharpened. Black Adam has repeatedly been described as a warrior who had proven himself to be highly skilled even earlier than he was given the power of Shazam.
Saying the magic phrase once more initially adjustments Black Adam back into Theo Adam, although when the Spectre strips him of his powers through the Black Vengeance affair, he reverts to Teth Adam, the historic Khandaqi farmer who was Mighty Adam. Subsequent depictions in the fifty two collection additionally show Teth Adam as Black Adam’s default mortal id. Nonetheless, Black Adam very rarely voluntarily adjustments back to his non-powered form.
Adam appeared in the “Black Adam’s Return” episode of episode of the 1981 Shazam! Saturday morning cartoon, which aired as one-half of the kid Superpower Hour with Shazam!. As in his unique comic e book look, he is tricked into saying “Shazam!”, and turns to dust, presumably killing him. However, he returns in a later episode; this time, he’s tricked into saying “Shazam” and is sent back to the days of ancient Egypt. He was voiced by Lou Scheimer. On this model he was proven understanding magical spells in addition to his Marvel powers.
Although he has not appeared in every other television applications or films, the character is briefly mentioned by his alter-ego’s name, Teth-Adam, during a flashback within the “Historical History” episode of Justice League Unlimited. DC Direct has released two motion figures of Black Adam, the most recent based on the work of artist Alex Ross.
New Line Cinema is at present growing a Billy Batson and the Legend of Shazam! dwell-action function movie, with Peter Segal (The Longest Yard (2005 film)|The Longest Yard, 50 First Dates) as director and Michael Uslan as producer. Actor and former wrestler Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson has agreed to seem in the movie as Black Adam Lee, Patrick. “Johnson Is Shazam!’s Adam”. Sci-Fi Wire.
He also seems as a character within the Graphic Audio audiobooks for Infinite Crisis (in a small position) and fifty two (wherein he plays a major half).
Shazam! and the Shazam Family! Annual #1 (2002). Reprints Black Adam’s origin from Marvel Family #1 (1945), amongst other Marvel Household tales. Tales by Otto Binder; art by C. C. Beck, Pete Costanza, Mac Rayboy, Marc Swayze, Bud Thompson, and Jack Binder.
The power of Shazam! (1994), written and painted by Jerry Ordway. A commerce paperback assortment depicting Captain Marvel’s and Black Adam’s current DC Universe origin tales. (ISBN 1-56389-153-0, paperback)
JSA: Savage Occasions (2004). Paperback#Trade paperback|Commerce paperback reprinting stories from JSA #38-45 (2002-2003), which function Captain Marvel meeting Black Adam during Adam’s tenure as Mighty Adam in ancient Egypt. Tales by Geoff Johns & David S. Goyer; art by Leonard Kirk, Patrick Gleason, Keith Champagne, and Christian Alamay. (ISBN 1-4012-0253-5)
JSA: Black Reign (2005). Trade paperback reprinting stories from JSA #56-fifty eight, and Hawkman #23-25 (2003-2004), which feature Black Adam’s invasion of Kahndaq and his battle with the Justice Society. Stories by Geoff Johns; art by Rags Morales, Don Kramer, Keith Champagne, and Michael Bair.